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Central Banks Worldwide

 

A central bank, reserve bank or monetary authority is a public institution that usually issues the currency, regulates the money supply, and controls the interest rates in a country. Central banks often also oversee the commercial banking system of their respective countries. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on printing the national currency, which usually serves as the nation's legal tender.

 

The primary function of a central bank is to provide the nation's money supply, but more active duties include controlling interest rates, and acting as a lender of last resort to the banking sector during times of financial crisis. It may also have supervisory powers, to ensure that banks and other financial institutions do not behave recklessly or fraudulently. Central banks in most developed nations are independent in that they operate under rules designed to render them free from political interference. Examples include the European Central Bank (ECB), the Bank of England, and the Federal Reserve System of the United States.

 

List of  Central Bank / Monetary Board / Reserve Bank worldwide:

A              
Afghanistan Da Afghanistan Bank Angola National Bank of Angola Argentina Central Bank of Argentina Australia Reserve Bank of Australia
Albania Bank of Albania Anguilla Anguilla (ECCB) Armenia Central Bank of Armenia Austria Austria (EU)
Algeria Bank of Algeria Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda (ECCB) Aruba Central Bank of Aruba Azerbaijan Central Bank of Azerbaijan
       
B      
Bahamas Central Bank of Bahamas Belgium Belgium (EU) Bolivia Central Bank of Bolivia Burkina Faso Burkina Faso (WAEMU)
Bahrain Central Bank of Bahrain Belize Central Bank of Belize Botswana Bank of Botswana Burundi Bank of Republic of Burundi
Bangladesh Bangladesh Bank Benin Benin (WAEMU) Brazil Central Bank of Brazil    
Barbados Central Bank of Barbados Bermuda Bermuda Monetary Authority Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belarus National Bank of Belarus Bhutan Monetary Authority of Bhutan Brunei Brunei Currency and Monetary Board
Bulgaria Bulgaria (EU)        
               
C              
Cambodia National Bank of Cambodia Chile Central Bank of Chile Republic of Congo Republic of Congo (BEAC) Cape Verde Bank of Cape Verde
Cameroon Cameroon (BEAC) China People's Bank of China Central African Republic Central African Republic Chad Chad (BEAC)
Canada Bank of Canada Republic Colombia Bank of the Republic Colombia Comoros Central Bank of the Comoros Congo Central Bank of the Congo
Costa Rica Central Bank of Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Cote d'Ivoire (WAEMU) Croatia Croatian National Bank Cuba Central Bank of Cuba
Curacao Central Bank of Curaçao Cyprus Cyprus (EU) Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
Czech Republic Czech Republic (EU)          
           
D              
Denmark Denmark (EU) Djibouti Central Bank of Djibouti Central Bank of  the Dominican Republic
Dominica Dominica (ECCB)        
               
E              
Eritrea Bank of Eritrea Egypt Central Bank of Egypt El Salvador Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador
Ecuador Central Bank of Ecuador Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea (BEAC) United Kingdom Bank of England
Estonia Estonia (EU) Ethiopia National Bank of Ethiopia        
               
F              
Fiji Reserve Bank of Fiji France France (EU)        
Finland Finland (EU) French Polynesia French Polynesia (CFP franc)      
               
G              
Gabon Gabon (BEAC) Georgia National Bank of Georgia Grenada Grenada (ECCB) Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau (WAEMU)
Gambia Central Bank of Gambia Ghana Bank of Ghana Guatemala Bank of Guatemala Guyana Bank of Guyana
Germany (EU) Greece Greece (EU) Guinea Central Bank of Republic of Guinea
               
H              
Haiti Bank of the Republic of Haiti Honduras Central Bank of Honduras Hong Kong Hong Kong Monetary Authority  
Hungary Hungary (EU)            
               
I              
Iceland Central Bank of Iceland Indonesia Bank of Indonesia Iraq Central Bank of Iraq Israel Bank of Israel
India Reserve Bank of India Iran Central Bank of Iran Ireland Ireland (EU) Italy Italy (EU)
               
J              
Jamaica Bank of Jamaica Japan Bank of Japan Jordan Central Bank of Jordan    
               
K              
Kazakhstan National Bank of Kazakhstan South Korea Bank of Korea North Korea Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Kenya Central Bank of Kenya Kuwait Central Bank of Kuwait        
Kyrgyz Republic National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic        
           
L              
Latvia Latvia (EU)

Lesotho

Central Bank of Lesotho Laos Bank of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lebanon Central Bank of Lebanon

Liberia

Central Bank of Liberia Liechtenstein National Bank of Liechtenstein
Libya Central Bank of Libya

Lithuania

Lithuania (EU) Luxembourg Luxembourg (EU)    
               
M              
Macau Monetary Authority of Macao Maldives Maldives Monetary Authority Mexico Bank of Mexico Montserrat Montserrat (ECCB)
Macedonia National Bank of Macedonia Mali Mali (WAEMU) Moldova National Bank of Moldova Morocco Bank Al-Maghrib
Madagascar Central Bank of Madagascar Malta Malta (EU) Mongolia Bank of Mongolia Mozambique Bank of Mozambique
Malawi Reserve Bank of Malawi Mauritania Central Bank of Mauritania Montenegro Central Bank of Montenegro Myanmar Central Bank of Myanmar
Malaysia Bank Negara Malaysia Mauritius Bank of Mauritius        
               
N              
Namibia Bank of Namibia New Zealand Reserve Bank of New Zealand Nicaragua Central Bank of Nicaragua Nigeria Central Bank of Nigeria
Nepal Central Bank of Nepal New Caledonia New Caledonia (CFP franc) Niger Niger (WAEMU) Norway Bank of Norway
Netherlands De Nederlandsche Bank            
               
O              
Oman Central Bank of Oman            
               
P              
Pakistan State Bank of Pakistan Papua New Guinea Bank of Papua New Guinea Peru Central Reserve Bank of Peru Panama National Bank of Panama
Palestine Palestine Monetary Authority Paraguay Central Bank of Paraguay Poland Poland (EU) Portugal Portugal (EU)
Philippines Central Bank of the Philippines          
               
Q              
Qatar Qatar Central Bank            
               
R              
Romania Romania (EU)

National Bank of Rwanda

Central Bank of the Russian Federation
               
S              
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis (ECCB) Serbia National Bank of Serbia Spain Spain (EU) Sweden Sweden (EU)
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia (ECCB) Seychelles Central Bank of Seychelles Sri Lanka Central Bank of Sri Lanka Syria Central Bank of Syria
San Marino Central Bank of of San Marino Sierra Leone Bank of Sierra Leone Sudan Bank of Sudan Swiss Swiss National Bank
Samoa Central Bank of Samoa Slovakia (EU) Suriname Central Bank of Suriname    
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency Slovenia (EU) South Africa South African Reserve Bank
Senegal Senegal (WAEMU) Somalia Central Bank of Somalia Curaçao and Sint Maarten Central Bank of Curaçao and Sint Maarten
Singapore Monetary Authority of Singapore

Somaliland

Bank of Somaliland São Tomé and Príncipe Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe
Solomon Islands Central Bank of Solomon Islands

Swaziland

Central Bank of Swaziland Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (ECCB)
               
T              
Tajikistan National Bank of Tajikistan Togo Togo (WAEMU) Tonga National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Tanzania Bank of Tanzania Tunisia Central Bank of Tunisia Trinidad and Tobago Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Thailand Bank of Thailand Turkey Central Bank of Turkey Timor Leste Banking and Payment Authority of Timor Leste
Turkmenistan Central Bank of Turkmenistan            
               
U              
Uganda Bank of Uganda Uzbekistan Central Bank of Uzbekistan United Arab Emirates Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates
Ukraine National Bank of Ukraine United States of America Federal Reserve System (USA)  
Uruguay Central Bank of Uruguay        
               
V              
Vanuatu Reserve Bank of Vanuatu Venezuela Central Bank of Venezuela Vietnam State Bank of Vietnam    
               
W   Y   Z      
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna (CFP franc) Yemen Central Bank of Yemen Zambia Bank of Zambia Zimbabwe Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

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